Christopher W. Nicholson, Andreas Lücke, Wolf Gero Schmidt, Michele Puppin, Laurenz Rettig, Ralph Ernstorfer, and Martin Wolf:
Science 362 (6416), 821-825 (2018), pp.5;
arXiv:1803.11022 [cond-mat.str-el] (2018), pp. 19;
DOI: arXiv:1803.11022 [cond-mat.str-el]
Shining a short, intense light pulse on a material can cause a transition in both its atomic and electronic structures. The dynamics of the electronic structure in such transitions can be monitored using, for example, time-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Nicholson et al. observed a photoinduced metal-insulator transition in indium nanowires on a silicon surface. They monitored both the physics and the chemistry of the system after the initial photoexcitation and correlated the closing of the electronic bandgap with the rearrangement of chemical bonds. The results showcase the wealth of information that time-resolved tools can reveal about the dynamics of complex systems.
The original publication is available by link DOI: 10.1126/science.aar4183