P. Němec, M. Fiebig, T. Kampfrath, and A. V. Kimel:
Nature Physics 14, 229–241 (2018), pp.13;
arXiv:1705.10600 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci] (2017), pp. 11;
DOI: arXiv:1705.10600 [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]
Control and detection of spin order in ferromagnets is the main principle allowing storing and reading of magnetic information in nowadays technology. The large class of antiferromagnets, on the other hand, is less utilized, despite its very appealing features for spintronics applications. For instance, the absence of net magnetization and stray fields eliminates crosstalk between neighbouring devices and the absence of a primary macroscopic magnetization makes spin manipulation in antiferromagnets inherently faster than in ferromagnets. However, control of spins in antiferromagnets requires exceedingly high magnetic fields, and antiferromagnetic order cannot be detected with conventional magnetometry. Here we provide an overview and illustrative examples of how electromagnetic radiation can be used for probing and modification of the magnetic order in antiferromagnets. Spin pumping from antiferromagnets, propagation of terahertz spin excitations, and tracing the reversal of the antiferromagnetic and ferroelectric order parameter in multiferroics are anticipated to be among the main topics defining the future of this field.
The original publication is available by link DOI: 10.1038/s41567-018-0051-x