C. W. Nicholson, C. Monney, R. Carley, B. Frietsch, J. Bowlan, M. Weinelt, M. Wolf:
Phys.Rev.Lett. 117 , 136801 (2016), pp. 5
arXiv:1604.03697 [cond-mat.str-el] (2016), pp. 7;
DOI: arXiv:1604.03697 [cond-mat.str-el]
The energy and momentum selectivity of time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy is exploited to address the ultrafast dynamics of the antiferromagnetic spin density wave (SDW) transition photoexcited in epitaxial thin films of chromium. We are able to quantitatively extract the evolution of the SDW order parameter \Delta through the ultrafast phase transition and show that \Delta is governed by the transient temperature of the thermalized electron gas, in a mean field description. The complete destruction of SDW order on a sub-100~fs time scale is observed, much faster than for conventional charge density wave materials. Our results reveal that equilibrium concepts for phase transitions such as the order parameter may be utilized even in the strongly non-adiabatic regime of ultrafast photo-excitation..
The original publication is available by link DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.136801