We developed a time-of-fight photoelectron spectrometer that simultaneously analyzes low energy electrons photoemitted from solid surfaces in an energy- and angle-resolved manner. To achieve this, a field free drift tube with an acceptance angle of 22° is combined with two-dimensional position-sensitive detection of photoelectrons, which is realized by a microchannel plate stack and a delay-line anode for position encoding. Here, we present the design considerations and principles of operation including analysis of multiple events per light pulse. The performance of the spectrometer is demonstrated by photoemission from a Cu(111) single crystalline surface by UV femtosecond laser pulses at 6.2 eV photon energy.
The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com by link DOI: 10.1007/s00339-008-4422-5