FHI-LogoFritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Abteilung Molekülphysik

Interactions of molecules with fields

Open positions

Fritz-Haber-Institut der
Faradayweg 4-6
D-14195 Berlin

Tel:     [+49] (0)30 8413-5739
Fax:    [+49] (0)30 8413-5603

Bretislav Friedrich

Professor of Physics
PhD in Chemical Physics 1981, Prague
Bretislav Friedrich's research revolves around interactions of molecules with and in electric, magnetic, and optical fields and their combinations. The following specific research topics are currently being pursued: (1) supersymmetry and eigensurface topology of molecules in combined electric, magnetic, and optical fields; (2) Stark spectroscopy of molecular complexes created and probed in He nanodroplets; (3) quantum computing with molecules, (3) manipulation of molecules by means of external fields; (4) molecular collisions in fields; (5) spectroscopy and imaging of molecules in fields; (6) cold/slow molecules. Although chiefly theoretical (with a predilection for an analytic approach), the research is closely linked to ongoing experiments. For more, please see Research.

Recent representative publications (for a full list please click here):

Marjan Mirahmadi, Burkhard Schmidt, Mallikarjun Karra, and Bretislav Friedrich
Dynamics of polar polarizable rotors acted upon by unipolar
electromagnetic pulses: From the sudden to the adiabatic regime

The Journal of Chemical Physics 149, 174109 (2018).

Alkwin Slenczka and Bretislav Friedrich
Solvation and cluster formation in helium nanodroplets
SciTech Europa Quarterly 29 (2018) www.scitecheuropa.eu

Konrad Schatz, Bretislav Friedrich, Simon Becker, and Burkhard Schmidt
Symmetric tops in combined electric fields: Conditional quasisolvability via the e quantum Hamilton-=Jacobi theory
Physical Review A 97, 053417 (2018).

Bretislav Friedrich, Dudley Herschbach, Sabre Kais, and Burkhard Schmidt
Molecules enhanced by electromagnetic fields
SciTech Europa Quarterly 27 (2018) www.scitecheuropa.eu

Stefan Fuchs, Johannes Fischer, Alkwin Slenczka, Mallikarjun Karra, and Bretislav Friedrich
Microsolvation of phthalocyanine molecules in superfluid helium nanodroplets as revealed by
the optical line shape at electronic origin

The Journal of Chemical Physics 148, 144301 (2018).

Bretislav Friedrich, Dieter Hoffmann, Florian Schmaltz, Jürgen Renn, and Martin Wolf (Eds.)
One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences
Springer-Nature, Heidelberg (2017).

Simon Becker, Marjan Mirahmadi, Burkhard Schmidt, Konrad Schatz, and Bretislav Friedrich
Conditional quasi-exact solvability of the quantum planar pendulum and of its anti-isospectral
hyperbolic counterpart

European Physical Journal D 71, 149 (2017).

J.M. Doyle, B. Friedrich, and E. Narevicius
Physics and Chemistry with Cold Molecules
ChemPhysChem 17, 1 (2016). See also Special Issue of ChemPhysChem on Cold Molecules

B. Friedrich
Michael Polanyi (1891-1976): The life of the mind
Bunsen Magazin 18, 160 (2016).

Lee Yeong Kim, Ju Hyeon Lee, Hye Ah Kim, Sang-Kyu Kwak, Bretislav Friedrich,
Bum Suk Zhao
Effect of rotational-state-dependent molecular alignment on the optical dipole force
Physical review A 94, 013428 (2016).

G. Ertl and B. Friedrich
Obituary of Fritz Stern (1926-2016)
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 55, 2-4 (2016).

K. Sharma and B. Friedrich
Pair eigenstates and mutual alignment of coupled molecular rotors in a magnetic field
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 18, 13467 (2016).

B. Friedrich
How did the tree of knowledge get its blossom?The rise of physical and theoretical chemistry, with an eye on Berlin and Leipzig
Angewandte Chemie Int. Ed. 55, 5378 (2016)

M. Karra, K. Sharma, B. Friedrich, S. Kais, and D. Herschbach
Prospects for quantum computing with an array of ultracold polar paramagnetic molecules
The Journal of Chemical Physics 144, 094301 (2016).

B. Schmidt and B. Friedrich
Supersymmetry and eigensurface topology of the spherical quantum pendulum
Physical Review A 91, 022111 (2015).

B. Schmidt and B. Friedrich
Supersymmetry and eigensurface topology of the planar quantum pendulum
Frontiers in Physics | Physical Chemistry and Chemical Physics 2, 37 (2014).

B. Schmidt and B. Friedrich
Topology of surfaces for molecular Stark energy, alignment, and orientation generated by combined permanent and induced electric dipole interactions
The Journal of Chemical Physics 140, 37 (2014).

B. Friedrich
A fragile union between Li and He atoms
Physics 6, 42 (2013).

J. Zhu, S. Kais, Q. Wei, D. Herschbach, and B. Friedrich
Implementation of quantum logic gates using polar molecules in pendular states
The Journal of Chemical Physics 138, 024104 (2013).

D. Herschbach, J. Rigden, and B. Friedrich
Interleaved excerpts from interviews of Dudley Herschbach by John Rigden on May 21-22, 2003 and Bretislav Friedrich on March 5-9, 2012
Molecular Physics 110, 1549 (2012).

M. Lemeshko and B. Friedrich
Interaction between polar molecules subject to a far-off-resonant optical field:
Entangled dipoles up- or down-holding each other
Molecular Physics 110, 1873 (2012).

J.H. Nielsen, H. Stapelfeldt, J. Küpper, B. Friedrich, J.J. Omiste, and R. Gonzales-Ferez
Making the best of mixed-field orientation of polar molecules: a recipe for achieving adiabatic dynamics in an electrostatic field combined with laser pulses
Physical Review Letters 108, 193001 (2012).

J. P. Toennies, H. Schmidt-Böcking, B. Friedrich, and J.C.A. Lower
Otto Stern (1888-1969): The founding father of experimental atomic physics
Annalen der Physik 523, 1045 (2011).

B. Friedrich, D. Hoffmann, and J. James
One hundred years of the Fritz Haber Institute
Angewandte Chemie International Edition 50, 10022 (2011).

B. Friedrich
A molecular merry-go-round
Physics Today 64, 66 (2011).

M. Lemeshko, M. Mustafa, S. Kais and B. Friedrich
Supersymmetric factorization yields exact solutions to the molecular Stark-effect problem for stretched states
Physical Review A 83, 043415 (2011).

M. Lemeshko, P.G. Jambrina, M.P. de Miranda, and B. Friedrich
Communications: When diffraction rules the stereodynamics of rotationally
inelastic collisions

The Journal of Chemical Physics 132, 161102 (2010).

B. Friedrich
Bose–Einstein condensates: BECs from the fridge
Nature Physics 5, 712 (2009).

M. Lemeshko and B. Friedrich
Probing weakly bound molecules with nonresonant light
Physical Review Letters 103, 053003 (2009).

R. Krems, W. C. Stwalley, B. Friedrich (Eds.)
Cold molecules: theory, experiment, applications
Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis (2009), 753 pp.

M. Lemeshko and B. Friedrich
Rotational and rotationless states of weakly-bound molecules
Physical Review A (Rapid Communication) 79, 050501 (2009).

B. Friedrich and J. M. Doyle
Why Are Cold Molecules So Hot?
ChemPhysChem 10, 604 (2009).

M. Härtelt, and B. Friedrich,
Directional states of symmetric-top molecules produced by combined static and radiative electric fields
Journal of Chemical Physics 128, 224313 (2008).

K. Gubbels, G. Meijer, and B. Friedrich
Analytic wave model of Stark deceleration dynamics
Physical Review A 73, 063406 (2006).




Research Group

DFG Priority Program SPP 1807: London Dispersion Forces

Sesquicentenary of Fritz Haber's Birth

Otto Stern's Molecular Beam Research and its Impact on Modern Science

Centennial Project

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Festschrift 2013


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