12. INDEX

next, previous Section / Table of Contents / Index AA algorithm - basis vector transformation 5.1. - hidden surface 5.2, 6.2.7, 6.3.5. - color coding 5.4. analysis option 6.2.14, 6.3.12. angles - rotation 4.3, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. - viewing 4.3, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. area - graphics 6.2.15, 6.4.10. - of section 6.2.0, 6.2.4. - shading 5.4, 6.2.15. arrow keys 5.5, 6.2.6. ASCII file 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4.1-8. atom - atom-by-atom construction 4.3, 6.2.7, 6.2.9. - construction 6.3.2. - charge 5.3, 6.2.2, 6.2.5, 6.2.7, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.4.2-3. - number of atoms 6.2.0, 6.2.4, 6.3.0-1, 6.4.3, 9. - painting 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.3.5. - positions 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.3.12, 6.4.1-5. - sphere radius 4.1, 5.3, 6.2.2, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. authors 11. autosave option 6.2.0, 6.2.8-9, 6.3.0, 6.3.6-7. axis - coordinate 5.1, 6.2.5-6, 6.3.4. - symmetry 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.3, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. BB background color 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3, 6.4.10. backup file, see balsac.lat, balsac.plt balls - display mode 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 7. - shading 5.4, 6.2.15, 6.4.10. balsac2.ini 5.4, 6.1, 6.2.15, 6.4.10, 6.5.1. balsac.lat 6.1, 6.2.8, 6.4.2. balsac.plt 6.1, 6.3.6, 6.4.3. basic control parameters 5.4, 6.2.15, 6.3.13, 6.4.10. basis vectors - defined 5.1, 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. - displayed 6.2.1, 6.2.3, 6.2.7, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. - relaxed 6.2.5, 6.4.2. - transformation 5.1, 6.2.3, 6.2.5, 6.4.2. batch - input/output files 6.1, 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4.1-6, - mode 6.1, 6.2.11, 6.3.9, 6.4.1. bcc, see lattices B-click 3.3.8. bibliography 9. bin2gif 6.4.7, 6.5.2. binary output format 6.4.7. black 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.3.13, 6.4.10, 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3. - visualization 6.2.7, 6.3.5. box, see wire frame Bravais lattice 5.1, 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.3, 6.2.14. Brookhaven Protein Data Bank (PDB) format 6.4.8. buckling 6.2.5. bulk crystal - lattice constant 5.1, 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. - lattices 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. - see basis vectors - termination 6.2.4. - user-defined 6.2.1, 6.4.2. CC camera 4.4. cancel - and transfer 6.2.13, 6.3.10. - session 6.1, 6.2.13, 6.3.10. capture screen output 4.2-3, 6.2.9, 6.3.7. cartesian coordinates 5.1, 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. central projection, perspective 5.1-2, 6.2.6-7, 6.3.4-5, 6.4.2-3. center - of gravity 6.2.14, 6.3.12. - of perspective 5.1, 6.2.6, 6.3.4, 6.4.2-3. - of plot shift 6.2.7, 6.3.5. characterization of lattice planes 6.2.3. charges assigned to atoms 5.3, 6.2.1-2, 6.2.5, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. chemical elements 5.3, 6.2.2, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.3.5, 6.3.12. circles/dots plot mode 6.2.7, 6.3.5. code numbers for lattices 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.4.2. code numbers for options 6.2.0, 6.4.2. code numbers for colors 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.4.10. color/label atoms 6.2.0, 6.2.7, 6.3.0, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3. colors 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.4.10. - atoms 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3, 6.4.10. - background 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.1-2, 6.4.10. - bonds 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.1-2, 6.4.10. - problems 7. - stereo 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.4.10. - test, see TSTCOL 6.5.1. commensurate layers 6.2.5. compatible - software 4.2. - systems 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 8, 9. computer requirements 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 8. conflicts 4.2, 7. connecting atoms 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3. consistency - of Miller indices 6.2.3. - of nuclear charges 6.2.7, 6.3.5. continuous shading 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.2.15. coordinate system - cartesian 5.1, 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.3.2. - crystal 5.1, 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.2.14. - screen 5.1-2. - viewing 6.2.6, 6.3.4. coprocessor (8087,80287,80387) 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 8. copy to output file 6.2.8, 6.2.13, 6.3.10, 6.3.6. crystal lattice parameters 5.3. CsCl, see lattices cubic - definition of Miller indices 5.1, 6.2.3. - group 5.3, 6.2.14. cursor keys, see arrow keys DD default - backup file 'balsac.lat' 6.1, 6.2.8, 6.4.2. - backup file 'balsac.plt' 6.1, 6.3.6, 6.4.3. - initialization file 'balsac2.ini' 5.4, 6.1, 6.2.15, 6.4.10, 6.5.1. - lattice parameters 5.3. delay time for layer display 6.2.9, 6.4.2. diameter - of atom cluster 5.1, 6.3.4, 6.3.13. - of crystal section 5.1, 6.2.6, 6.2.15. - of smallest sphere 6.2.14. diamond, see lattices diatomic basis 5.3, 6.2.1. directions - viewing 5.1-2, 6.2.6, 6.3.2, 6.4.2-3. - x, y, z in coordinate system 5.1. - of lattice planes 6.2.3. 6.2.14. display (monitor) 5.4, 6.2.15, 7. - test, see TSTCOL 6.5.1. displaying structures - atom-by-atom 6.2.7. - layer-by-layer 6.2.7. - single atom 6.2.9, 6.3.7. diskettes 2.1.2, 6.0. distances - between atoms 6.2.14, 6.3.12. - between circles (stereo mode) 6.2.15, 6.4.10. - between lattice planes 6.2.3, 6.2.14. - nearest neighbor 6.2.1, 6.2.14. - viewing 5.1-2, 6.2.6-7, 6.3.4-5. distortion - x/y 6.2.15, 6.4.10. - stereo 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.4.10. dithering 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3. DOS - command line 6.1. - operating system 2.1, 8. EE efficient usage 4. elements, see charges ellipses 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.4.10. enlarged/reduced plot 4.3, 6.2.6, 6.2.9, 6.3.4, 6.4.2-3. exit 6.1, 6.2.13, 6.3.10, 6.4.2. exposure 4.4. extended LATUSE format 6.2.8, 6.4.2. eye distance 6.2.6-7, 6.2.15, 6.3.4-5, 6.4.10. FF fcc, see lattices files - input/output 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4. - required 2.1-2, 6.0-1, 6.4.1. filled circles, see balls filter glasses, see stereo glasses finish 6.1, 6.2.13, 6.3.10, 6.4.2. focus 6.2.6, 6.3.4. format - of input/output files 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4.1-8. - of keyboard input 5.5. fortran 77 2.2, 5.5, 8. frame, see wire frame free lattice, see lattices FRIEZE 4.2. full color stereo mode 5.1, 6.2.7, 6.2.14-15, 6.3.5, 6.3.0-13, 6.4.10. fuzzy balls 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.5.1. GG geometry - viewing 5.1-2, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. - crystal 5.3, 6.2.1. GIF 6.4.7, 6.5.2. graphical/numerical output 6.2.7, 6.3.5. graphic analysis (LATTICE) 6.2.14.2. - (CLUSTER) 6.3.12.2. graphite, see lattices gray tones 4.3.1, 5.4, 6.2.15. HH hardcopy 4.2. hardware requirements 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 7. help file 6.4.11. help on graphics screen 6.2.6, 6.3.4. hidden surface algorithm 5.2, 6.2.7. hcp, see lattices hints for efficient usage 4. II impression - stereo 6.2.7. 6.3.5. - 3-dimensional 6.2.6, 6.3.4. incommensurate layers 6.2.5. incorrect plots 6.2.7. incremental values, viewing 6.2.6, 6.3.4. indices, see Miller indices inequivalent atoms 5.3, 6.2.1. initialization, see default input - from ASCII files 6.1, 6.2.11, 6.3.9, 6.4.1-3. - from keyboard 5.5. installation 2.1-3, 6.0. interplanar spacings 6.2.3. invert Miller indices 5.2. KK keyboard input 5.5. keys for fast plot 6.2.6, 6.3.4. LL "L" graphics label 6.2.9, 6.3.7. labelling atoms 6.2.7, 6.2.14, 6.3.5, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. lattice constants, defaults 5.3. - scaling 6.2.1. lattices 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.2. lattice constants 5.3. lattice structures - defaults 5.3. - free definition 6.2.1. - selection 6.2.1. LATUSE format 6.2.8, 6.4.2. L-click 3.3.8. listing of atoms 6.2.1, 6.2.7, 6.3.2, 6.3.5. layer-by-layer display 6.2.7. layer reconstruction/relaxation 6.2.5. layout 6.2.7, 6.3.5. library of structures, see SCIS data base literature 9. MM magnification of plot 6.2.6, 6.3.4, 6.4.2-3. math coprocessor (8087,80287,80387) 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 8. matrix for reconstruction 6.2.5, 6.4.2. maximum number of atoms 8. memory requirements 8. menus - description of options 6.2-3. Miller indices - definitions 6.2.3. - cubic vs primitive axes 5.1, 6.2.1. - inverted values 5.2. - 4-index notation 6.2.3. mirror planes 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. mode - interactive 6.2-3. - batch 6.2.11, 6.3.9, 6.4.1. monitor - test 6.5.1. mouse mode 3.3.8, 6.1, 6.2.15, 10. mouse pointer 6.2.14-15, 6.3.12-13, 7. movement of screen origin 6.2.7, 6.3.5. NN NaCl, see lattices nearest neighbors 6.2.14. n-fold axis 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. non-equivalent atoms 6.2.1, 6.2.14. non-integer Miller-indices 6.2.6, 6.2.14. non-primitive lattices 5.3, 6.2.1. nuclear charges 5.3, 6.2.2, 6.2.5, 6.3.2, 6.4.2-3. numbering of atoms 6.2.7, 6.2.14, 6.3.5, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. OO on-line help file 6.4.11. - default text 6.4.11.1. opening output files 6.2.8, 6.3.6. option menus 10. origin - of atom cluster 5.1, 6.3.2. - of crystal section 5.1, 6.2.1. - plot 5.1, 6.2.0, 6.3.0. - shift 6.2.6-7, 6.3.0, 6.3.4-5, 6.4.2-3. - projection 5.1, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. output - of graphics 6.2.6, 6.2.9, 6.3.4, 6.3.7. - to ASCII files 6.2.8, 6.2.13, 6.3.6, 6.3.10. - of atom coordinates 6.2.8, 6.3.6. overwrite files 6.2.8, 6.3.6. PP packing ratio 5.3, 6.2.14. Paintbrush 4.2. paint/label atoms 6.2.7, 6.2.14, 6.3.5, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. parallel projection, perspective 5.1, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. PC/AT/XT 2.1.1, 8. PDB format 6.4.8. perspective, central and parallel 5.1, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. photography 4.4. pixel ratio 6.2.15, 6.3.13, 6.4.10. PLOT3D format 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4.3. plot keys 4.3, 5.5, 6.2.6, 6.3.4. PostScript - language 4.3.1, 5.4, 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4.1, 6.4.6. - format 4.3.1, 5.4, 6.2.8, 6.3.6, 6.4.1, 6.4.6. predefined lattices 5.3, 6.2.1. primitive lattices 5.3, 6.2.1. printing 4.2. Professional FORTRAN 2.1, 8. programming restrictions 8. Protein Data Bank (PDB) format 6.4.8. PS/2 2.1.1, 8. QQ questions 4., 4.5, 7. quitting 6.1, 6.2.13, 6.3.10. RR radii - changing 6.2.2. - default values 5.3. - renormalize 6.2.2, 6.3.2. raw binary output format 6.4.7. R-click 3.3.8. reciprocal lattice 5.3, 6.2.3, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. reconstruct layer 6.2.5, 6.4.2. red/blue, see stereo mode redefine colors 6.2.15, 6.3.13, 6.4.10. reduction/enlargement of plot 6.2.6, 6.3.4, 6.4.2-3. relax layer 6.2.5, 6.4.2. renormalized Miller indices 6.2.6, 6.2.14. restart from scratch 6.2.10, 6.3.8. restore structure information 6.1, 6.2.8, 6.2.13, 6.3.6, 6.3.10-13. restrictions 8. restructured layers 6.2.5, 6.4.2. resume 6.1, 6.3.11. rotation of plot 5.1-2, 6.2.6, 6.3.4, 6.4.2-3. SS SARCH ASCII format 6.2.8, 6.4.4. save structure data 6.2.8, 6.2.13, 6.3.6, 6.3.10. scaling of lattice 6.2.1, 6.4.2. SCHAKAL format 6.2.8, 6.4.5. SCIS data base 9. sc, see lattices section size 6.2.4, 6.2.14, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. shading 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.3.13, 6.4.10. shells, nearest neighbor 6.2.14. shift of plot 6.2.7, 6.3.5. size of section 6.2.4, 6.2.14, 6.3.12, 6.4.2-3. silicon, see lattices software requirements - DOS 2.1.1-2, 8. - Unix 2.2.1-2, 8. sorting of atoms 5.2, 6.2.7, 6.3.5. source of programs 9. spacing between planes 6.2.3, 6.2.14. spheres - display mode 6.2.7, 6.3.5. - radii 5.3, 6.2.2, 6.3.2. - boundaries 6.2.4. stack - files 6.2.16, 6.3.14. - option 6.2.16, 6.3.14. starting BALSAC 6.1. - CLUSTER part 6.1, 6.3. - LATTICE part 6.1, 6.2. stereo - full color 6.2.7, 6.3.5. - display mode 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5. - distortion 6.2.6-7, 6.2.15, 6.3.4-5, 6.3.13, 6.4.10. - eye distance 6.2.6-7, 6.2.15, 6.3.4-5, 6.3.13, 6.4.10. - glasses (red/blue) 6.2.7, 6.3.5. storing atom coordinates 6.2.8, 6.2.13, 6.3.6, 6.3.10. structure - data, see lattice structures - files, see ASCII file - input/output files 6.1, 6.2.8, 6.2.11, 6.3.6, 6.3.9, 6.3.11, 6.4.1-6. subplanes 6.2.3, 6.2.14. surface - reconstruction/relaxation 6.2.5, 6.2.14. - termination 6.2.4. symmetry elements 5.3, 6.2.1, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. system requirements 2.1.1, 2.2.1, 8. TT teach mode 3.3.9, 6.1, 6.2.15. terminal plane 6.2.4, 6.2.5, 6.2.14. terminating BALSAC 6.1, 6.2.13, 6.3.10. title of plot 6.2.1, 6.2.9, 6.3.2, 6.3.7, 6.4.2-3. transfer option 6.2.13, 6.3.10. transfer with structure 6.2.13. transformed basis vectors 5.1, 6.2.3, 6.2.14, 6.4.2. trouble and ways out 7. TSTCOL utility 6.5.1. tutorial 3. typing conventions 5.5. UU unit cell 6.2.1, 6.2.5, 6.2.14. Unix operating system 2.2, 5.5, 8. utility programs 6.5. VV VGA 2.1.1, 4.1-2, 5.4, 6.4.10, 7, 8. view focus 6.2.6, 6.3.4. viewing direction 5.1-2, 6.2.6, 6.3.4, 6.4.2-3. volume - elementary cell 6.2.1, 6.2.14. - total 6.2.1, 6.2.14, 6.3.2, 6.3.12. WW warning - Miller index conversion 6.2.3. - number of atoms exceeded 8. - false perspective 6.2.7. - output file problems 6.2.8. - input file problems 7. white 5.4, 6.2.7, 6.2.15, 6.3.5, 6.3.13, 6.4.10, 6.2.4. wire frame 6.2.7, 6.3.5, 6.4.2-3. XX xlib 2.2.2, 8. X.11 Windows compatibility 2.2.1-2, 7, 8. XYZ format 6.4.9. ZZ zincblende, see lattice next, previous Section / Table of Contents / Index